Image result for megalodon

Sharks are arguably the scariest deep-sea creature in the world. However, there is a much a bigger type of bass than a shark. It is named Megalodon.

Megalodon was a giant shark that existed back in the day during the late Oligocene epoch and Neogene period. Believe it or not, this sort of fish has been incredibly much larger and a lot ferocious in comparison to a shark! It was really a monstrous prehistoric shark that’s huge enough to swallow up an entire elephant.

It’s one of the largest predators that dominated the saline water in the ancient times. Actually, a paleontologist, glaciologist, and geologist named Louis Agassiz, was the very first person who postulated the species.

Megalodon’s skeleton did not preserve very well since it was consisted largely of cartilage, instead of bone which is similar to that of the contemporary sharks. Theories about the body and feeding habits of Megalodon stem largely from its fossilized teeth, which can reach up to 7 inches in length.

Moreover, experts think that Megalodons may have fed on porpoises and whales because there are a good deal of whale bones which shows various teeth marks that might have been from the monstrous type of fish. Believe or not, the moment this monster shark exert more massive pressure with its sting, it’s more than sufficient to slice the flesh of some of its prey.

At present, the size of the Megalodon is still a topic of intense debate. When you come right down to it, Megalodon is indeed the hugest fish that thrived in every corner of the world’s deepest seas during the olden days. And like the sharks, Megalodon proved that it is once a successful species on the planet.

Pesky Squirrels

Squirrel, Cute, Animal, Nager, Nature

While their diet primarily consists of fruits, nuts, seeds, and vegetation, during the early spring as much of this isn’t yet available this species will consume meats, eggs, small birds, snakes and even other rodents. Squirrels are naturally clever and will often discover ways to obtain food that other rodents would not usually be able to access, such as eating out of bird feeders located high off the ground or digging up seeds, seeds, and bulbs that were found by their excellent little noses. They’re also inquisitive by nature and will readily explore new areas for a suitable den.

Squirrels over time have learned to cohabitate with people and within many public parks and universities view us as ample resources of food. These rodents can be trained to be hand fed and often are considered a suitable pet within the home if raised from a very young age. A few college campuses have even began a game called squirrel fishing; a sport in which you attach a peanut into a string and a stick and see just how much the Shrimp could be lifted off the floor before releasing his bite. Others believe squirrels a viable food source throughout the United States; they are high in cholesterol and possess a strong gamey flavor.

Squirrels build nests in which to live, and these may often be spotted equally high in trees and burrowed within the ground. In squirrel infested regions that border residential homes they will also find attics and basements appropriate living environments; and they will often put to use materials found inside the home to construct their nest. Power outages are also sometimes on account of the curious animal wandering across a grounded power line and brushing against a transformer, and double this species has been proven to topple even the mighty NASDAQ stock market.

Keeping squirrels out of your house can often prove difficult for the average homeowner, particularly if there’s a large population of them nearby. This species can become very territorial during mating season (or after giving birth) and a silent attic can often become the ideal hideout for these creatures. The simplest way to prevent an infestation is to prevent entry in the first place by sealing up any openings or other entryways which would normally go unnoticed. In northern areas it is also important not to overlook the chimney; using their exceptional climbing ability squirrels can descend right down it.

Largemouth bass

Some call it ‘wide-mouth bass’, others term it as’bigmouth’ or’black bass’! Whatever be the name by which you tackle it, the’largemouth bass’ is a subject of interest for all who prefer to study on the different species of living creatures which lie around in this wide world!

The body colour of these species looks like the emerald colour or that in other words can be termed as an olive colour and this makes the physical shape little interesting! You can observe some dark marks scattered on every side of the body that provides the complete body shape a quaint appearance! Another specialty is the upper jaw reaches to the back border of the orbit that’s the cavity of the skull in which the eyes are located. These are popularly called the’game fish’ and generally they’ll grow up to 30 inches and weigh 20 lbs!

The eating habits of the species are really interesting to observe! The small ones usually take the bait-fish or the luring fish, scuds, small shrimps and smaller bugs; whereas the grown-up ones absorbs the new water sunfish, crayfish, frogs, snakes, salamanders and bats. They sometimes eat small kinds of water birds, birds, and small reptiles like alligators!

If you take some sensible precautions as you do fishing, then certainly you’ll be prosperous in catching these species. Search them around the pier sides close to the towers, the stone structures and underneath the wild plants or flowers. Another area to look for this species is the regions wherever you find the diving birds! Birds like to devour’largemouth bass’ and so if you see the low diving and flying of birds , you can definitely be sure that there are a number of sizable quantity of’largemouth bass’ underneath! Be careful to fish during the first part of the day because it is the time when lots of the’largemouth bass’ come-out in their hiding places! You could also avoid places of high activities because’largemouth bass’ are shy of areas of hectic activities. They always enjoy the calm and quiet locations and so search them just at quieter places!

You need to make a clear review of the site in which you plan to do fishing. The’largemouth bass’ such as clean, clear water where you will find enough springs that makes the water consistently clean. They always prefer fresh flowing water compared to stagnant water. So don’t waste your time in a mucky flow where there’s no enough pure or rain water! You also need to avoid the beginning regions of the stream that’s too near the banks. These species typically do not prefer such’near the bank’ places! Selecting the correct fishing pole and reel is also of much importance. You have to go for a very light rod with just 4 to 6 lbs and this could be much suited for the purpose of catching a’largemouth bass’.


Manatee, Underwater, Sea, Marine, Water

The Florida manatee is a large mammal with a body that tapers down to a paddle like tail. They have two front flippers and every flipper has between three and four nails. The closest relative to the manatee is the elephant. On average, an adult manatee is approximately 10 feet long and weighs 1000 lbs.

You may find manatees in shallow water coastal regions, slow moving rivers and estuaries, mainly where sea grass beds or fresh water vegetation are abundant. Manatees are a migratory animal. In america, manatees are concentrated in Florida during the winter months and in the summer months, manatees may travel as far west as Texas, and north along the Atlantic coast to the Carolinas with a few having ventures as far north as Massachusetts.

The majority of the time they’re found eating, resting, and on the move. Manatees are herbivorous meaning they are vegetarian and consume only algae and plants. Manatees may rest on the bottom, or just under the surface, for up to 20 minutes. They could swim close to 20 mph, but usually do so in just short bursts when scared or attempting to get out of harm’s way,

It is estimated that manatees can live as long as 60 years. They’ve no known enemies except for man and many human related deaths are caused by watercraft. In the end, the manatee’s loss of habitat is the most serious threat in america today.

Mothers will nurse their young for between 1 and 2 years, during the time the calf will remain dependent on the mother.

Shepherds Pie

For sheep, which often means from their pencil to a field of grass where they graze. Therefore, the shepherd shepherds the sheep into the area from their pencil.
A pie is composed of pastry formed into a bowl which will have a staple food product which the baker selects (beef, vegetables, or fruit). With that done, the item could be called something besides a pie. When the baker adds a pastry cover (lid or top ) then bakes her or his invention, he or she has baked pie. The title shepherd’s pie suggests that mutton (the meat of sheep) got baked into the dish. While true, if the baker chooses to use mutton, the title shepherd’s pie applies to some edible food shepherded to the pastry bowl.
You know the title for prepared food products which were not all consumed: leftovers. Shepherd’s pie, a freshly-baked demonstration of kitchen leftovers, provides a baker with a range of chance to liven up an otherwise B record meal while clearing the fridge of older, yet usable food before it spoils. I’ve seen the title”cowboy’s pie.” A pie will consume (taste) the same if the title changes; the pie itself stays the same. Cowboys herd cows, as shepherds herd sheep. Speaking of cows, western Americans favor the title cows, and they detest the term boy when speaking to themselves and their heritage of herding cows. They enjoy cattlemen better. Cattlemen’s pie functions then, does not it? Additionally, it seems better than cowboy’s pie. Probably, we should go there, since cattlemen do not usually herd cows, which reside in barns, create dairy products, and create small cows (calves).

Rabbit Talk

Rabbit, Hare, Animal, Wildlife, Bunny

Words are extremely important in showing and portraying somebody’s emotions. Words make the planet more expressive and meaningful. Therefore, it’s essential to be mindful and aware of those words which are blurted out since great consequences may come later. In short, words are strong in the conduct of daily life.

There are times that we can not find the perfect words to express something, right? When this occurs, we create noises hoping that these are sufficient to portray whatever we’re feeling.

Animals are known to make noises because they cannot speak. Lions, as an instance, roar to get the message across, snakes hiss to tell something, and other creatures make sounds to attract a partner or frighten an enemy. There are several of those that may be observed when you go in the wilderness.

If you’re thinking about getting a pet, you should be prepared for the sounds they make. You wouldn’t wish to seem rude by dismissing your pet’s effort to communicate with you. They might be called sound, but these do mean something. Thus, it’s crucial that you understand what to expect so you won’t get agitated when you hear one.

If you would like a pet bunny, then it’s helpful you know the sounds they make ahead. Here are a few of these that they have a tendency to make.



  • If they make this noise, it signifies discomfort or distress.
  1. Grunt
  • It means they’re happy, excited and curious.
  1. Growl
  • This means they’re agitated or angry.
  1. Scream

There are times that this implies panic, too.

  1. Snort
  • This indicates pleasure when eating or grooming. You should be happy once you hear this since it conveys happiness.
  1. Foot thump
  • It can mean two things: they sense danger or they’re only expressing anger or frustration.
  1. Mating Noises
  • This may sound unthinkable. When hearing such, it might mean they’re mating.

Normally, rabbits are quiet but there are other rabbits who prefer to be more”outspoken” in expressing whatever they feel inside. It’s excellent to know the significance of the sound they make as you will know when they’re happy, contented, sad, and sick.

If you can’t supply them with what they want, then you should think about giving them back to the shelter.

What are Ferns

Fern, Brake, Plant, Green, Forest, Leaf

A fern is a type of plant with about 12,000 species known. They also bear roots, leaves and stalks like other vascular plants but they lack flowers and seeds. They produce spores. The biggest group of ferns known include leptosporangiate ferns.

The expression pteridophyte also refers to ferns. A pteridologist studies about ferns and lycophytes. Fossil record suggests that they evolved 360 million years back in the Carboniferous period but vast majority of the living ferns are about 145 million years old which evolved in the Cretaceous. They are not so significant from the commercial point of view but are grown for ornamentation, food or remediating soils. Some are weeds and a few hold special place in mythology, culture and art.

Ferns are vascular plants differing from lycophytes by having leaves that are true. They differ from gymnosperms and angiosperms in lacking seeds and blossoms but bear spores. Their life cycle reveals alternation of generation which means it is composed of diploid sporophytic and a haploid gametophytic stage. A sporophytic phase produces haploid spores by meiosis. A spore grows by mitosis and produces gametophyte which develops photosynthetic prothallus. Gametophyte produces gametes by mitosis. A mobile, flagellated sperm fertilizes the egg which is attached to the prothallus. A zygote which is currently diploid produces sporophyte by mitosis.

They prefer to stay in a wide variety of habitats ranging from distant mountain elevations, to arid desert stone faces, to bodies of water or in open fields. Generally they prefer four types of habitats namely moist, shady forests; crevices in rock faces, especially when sheltered from the full sun; acid wetlands including bogs and swamps; and tropical trees, where many species are epiphytes.

Many are known to develop relationships with mycorrhizal fungi. The spores are rich supply of lipids, protein and carbs are consumed by some animals. The stem is usually a underground rhizome but in some cases it’s a ground creeping stolon or semi-woody tree trunk. The leaves are green and photosynthetic and are called fronds because of their horizontal arrangement. Tropophylls participate only in photosynthesis like the leaves of other vascular plants. Sporophylls produce spores and compared with the scales of pines. In addition they photosynthesize like tropophylls. Brophophylls produce abnormally large number of spores. The roots are underground and non-photosynthetic. They are fibrous like other vascular plants.

Prothallus is green, photosynthetic structure generally one cell thick. It is heart of kidney shaped measuring 3-10 mm long and 2-8 mm wide. It produces gametes in the kind of antheridia and archegonia. Anteridia are small spherical structures that produce flagellated sperms. Archegonia are flask-shaped structures which produce single egg. Rhizoids are root like structure that absorbs water and minerals. They anchor prothallus to dirt.

Great Barrier Reef Facts

Heart Reef, Australia

Known through out the world as the only naturally constructed structure which can be viewed in the moon, the Great Barrier Reed spans a huge distance of over 2,600 km. This natural formation constructed by billions of coral polyps is a UNESCO World Heritage and has enjoyed a number of the world’s accolades as much as marine biodiversity is concerned. It is paramount in study and research of marine organisms in the Pacific area and around the world. Quite honestly, nothing is like it. It’s a behemoth by itself. It’s situated Queensland, Australia.

Life in the Great Barrier is nothing short of simple. The principle of survival of the fittest holds true; planktons provide food for the smallest fishes, which are also the feeding frenzy of smaller fishes, which are also the means of survival for the larger ones and so on and so forth until it reaches to man’s level, the highest spot in the food chain. I wonder if man ever tops the list of the Great White’s food chain, I don’t think so.

The world has received so much attention from both the neighborhood Australian authorities as well as from international agencies promoting balance in the natural environment. It’s an epitome of natural wealth and treasure which is too precious to ignore. They are doing everything they can to preserve and protect the natural happenings of events from the reef and also to lessen the potentially harmful activities that may disrupt the natural balance. The reef is nature’s gift to men; it’s too valuable to just plunder and bangle with.

The reed supports a broad selection of marine life. Through its inherent biodiversity, more species of marine life is found here than any other place on the planet. It is not called one of the seven natural wonders of the world for nothing. True, it amazes those who ever came to see; many tourist visiting the reef left with an astounding memory of something that is so grand and an adventure that’s too precious and unforgettable.

Tourism in the world brings in funds for the Australian government over any other marine thing in Australia. Approximately 2 million people would visit the Great Barrier Reef annually which in turn was argued to post threat to the reef.

Something that is a huge gift, such as in the kind of the Great Barrier Reef should be carefully handled. It should be taken care of and considered fragile. It’s value should be well discerned in order to keep its life and its glorious beauty.

Worldwide Trees

Tree, Sunset, Amazing, Beautiful

There are many different types of trees that stem from different parts of the world. Here is a list of a few of them, in addition to the country’s other national treasures.

Japanese trees:

Japanese trees, often called Cherry Blossoms, are native to a lot of East Asian states like Japan, Korea, and China. The humanity of the blossoms- their attractiveness and fast death- is frequently associated with mortality, the symbolism of which is usually seen in Western art, anime and film.

Another treasure from Japan is their delicious fish. Over the fish itself, is the Japanese method of preparing it, called sushi. Sushi has become a beloved food collection amongst people throughout the world.

Maple trees:

The red sugar maple leaf is the outstanding quality of the Canadian flag. The sugar maple is tapped for sap, which when boiled is converted to maple syrup. It can nevertheless be quite costly when sold abroad.

While Canada isn’t famous for their cuisine, they do have a couple of dishes worth mentioning. Poutine is among them. Poutine is a Quebecois dish that consists of French fries, cheese curds and hot gravy. By adding the hot sauce on the other ingredients, they melt together, making a delicious- though gluttonous- meal.

Banana trees:

As you may have guessed, banana trees grow bananas and they’re native to tropical South and Southeast Asia. Having said this, today banana trees have been grown in at least 107 countries, mostly due to their fruit.

Based upon your culinary taste, South and Southeast Asia have some of the most delicious foods in the world, ranging from Indian curries, to Thai mango salads, to the hundreds of kinds of sticky rice from Laos. Each region has their own spices and ways of preparing dishes which make them so authentic.

So you see, in addition to ingesting carbon dioxide and providing us oxygen with which to breath and grow things, trees provide food, syrup, beautiful flowers and more.

Artemis Tree Services provide their clients with a full range of professional tree care services to make sure your trees, shrubs and hedges stay healthy and beautiful. For more on tree surgery London.

Attracting Butterflies

Butterfly, Insect, Wings, Nature, Animal

Many homeowners want to attract more butterflies to their yard, but have no idea where to start. The best way to do this is to supply butterflies with a variety of plants that are attractive to butterflies native to your region. Don’t just visit your regional big-box retailer and purchase anything with the word”butterfly” in it. Do some basic research on your own, which is very easy to do online, and you will fare much better.

The first thing you need to do is assess what type of environment you have. Is your lawn wooded, or mostly a backyard type? Some butterflies will only go to a certain kind of environment, and regardless of what plants you have, they won’t visit them if they’re not in the right location.

The next step is to do an internet search for your county or city, and see what butterflies are generally found there. As soon as you do so, cross-reference that information with the sort of environment you’ve (woody, garden, etc.. .) . Most often times lists such as that will also record the host plant of the butterfly, but if not, you can search for this too.

A host plant is the type of plant that they will lay their eggs on. The nectar plant is a type of plant that the adult butterflies will feed off of. Commonly butterflies will have a wide assortment of nectar plants where they will feed, but only 1 host plant that they’ll use to deposit their eggs. The monarch butterfly, as an example, will feed off of many different type of nectar plants (lantana, periwinkle, pentas, etc.. .) But only have a single host plant, that’s the milkweed. The monarch butterfly will only lay their eggs on a milkweed plant, because that is the only plant that their larvae (caterpillars) can consume.

To draw the most butterflies to your yard, you can have a variety of nectar plants, but it is most important to have the host plants. You’ll find, by planting many of the host plants together, you will draw a whole lot of species of butterfly.